The Libertines headline London’s Hyde Park

Libertines

Libertines

 

The Libertines paid tribute to the armed forces as they brought their London comeback gig to a close tonight (July 5).The band, who played two intimate warm-up shows at Glasgow’s Barrowlands venue last weekend (June 28, 29), finished their set with dual frontmen Carl Barat and Pete Doherty reciting Siegfried Sassoon’s 1918 poem, Suicide In The Trenches.
After the pair recounted the poem word for word, which they also recited at the NME Awards in 2004, Doherty addressed the audience, saying: “We remember and honour those who gave their lives for liberty. We thought it was nerve-wracking coming out here tonight but leaving Kings Cross station with a rifle across your back in 1914 must have been really hard.”Earlier, the band’s set had to be halted over concerns for the crowd’s safety. The four piece had opened with ‘Vertigo’ and were midway through second song ‘Boys In The Band’ when security came on stage and stopped the performance. Doherty motioned to the crowd to move back before telling them: “We can’t carry on if you don’t calm down a bit.”
The Libertines then restarted where they left off onlyto be halted again seconds later. Drummer Gary Powell came down to the front of the stage to tell the crowd to calm down before leading them ina chant of the riff to The White Stripes’ ‘Seven Nation Army’. Doherty then joined in with a run through of The Foundations’ ‘Build Me Up Buttercup’.Things eventually got moving again with ‘The Delaney’ and ‘Campaign Of Hate’. Doherty then dedicated ‘Time For Heroes’ to the Guildford Four’s GerryConlon, saying: “GerryConlon, if you’re looking down this afternoon” before tearing into the song.A rendition of ‘Music When The Lights Go Out’ was preceded by Doherty chanting “Albion-ey, Albion-ey, ole, ole, ole”. After the song Barat playfully leapfrogged over the guitarist. The duo later shared an embrace before debut album track ‘Death On The Stairs’.

Towards the end of the set things had to be halted once more as fans climbed the sound towers to get a better view of the show. Powell and bassist John Hassall had left the stage for Doherty and Barat to play a version of stripped-down song ‘France’. Barat scolded fans as the gig was further delayed, telling them: “If you don’t stop climbing the towers, Pigman [Doherty] can’t do his solo.” The song was never played completely because of the stoppage.

“I wanted to drive my camper van into the backstage area,” Doherty revealed shortly after. “The security guards said ‘you don’t want to do that because of the traffic’. I wanted to drive it in and put union jacks on top. They said ‘you’ve got nothing to fly the flag for’ and I said what about William Blake? What about Jock Scott? What about Johnny Marr? What about Carl Barat?” The band then played ‘Albion’, which saw Doherty shouting out Barat’s hometown of Basingstoke.

As the show came to a close, Doherty chanted once again over the microphone, this time singing “Libertine til I die/Libertine til I die/I know I am, I’m sure I am, Queen’s Park Rangers til I die.” They then brought the set to a riotous end with ‘I Get Along’ which concluded with Barat and Doherty jumping around hugging until they brought each other down to the floor.

As the four band members gathered in a line to salute their fans, Doherty initiated a burst of the hokey cokey while Powell told them: “You are all amazing and you are all Libertines.”

Earlier in the day, more issues had stopped some of the bands on the line-up from playing, including Swim Deep and Graham Coxon. Due to play in the Barclaycard Theatre, signs outside told fans the stage was closed due to a technical fault. North London quartet Wolf Alice were able to play on the same stage early in the afternoon, playing a similar set to that which they played at Glastonbury a week earlier. “Who’s excited to see The Libertines later?” asked guitarist Joff Oddie, with drummer Joel Amey adding: “What a day for friendship!” The group then launched into a version of their second single ‘Bros’, which followed the likes of ‘Blush’ and a cover of Chris Isaak’s ‘Wicked Games’. The band finished their set with debut single ‘Fluffy’, which concluded with bassist Theo Ellis jumping in the crowd.

Meanwhile, Spiritualized played a late afternoon set on the main stage, following Newcastle’s Maximo Park. Frontman J Spaceman sat on a chair on the right hand stage throughout, dressed all in white and playing a red guitar. He was joined by two backing singers, also dressed head-to-toe in-white, and his bandmates. The group played songs from across their back catalogue in front of visuals of black and white circles, such as ‘Hey Jane’ and ‘Sweet Talk’.

Irish band The Pogues followed them 45 minutes later and also had their set halted as a fan received medical attention. The stoppage came towards the end of the group’s performance, which had seen them play tracks like ‘Dirty Old Town’ and ‘Sally MacLennane’. “We’ll be back soon if it’s suitable to do so,” they told the crowd as singer Shane MacGowan puffed on a cigarette. They then returned for one more song before having to end their set.

Make sure you pick up next week’s issue of NME, out July 9 on newsstands and available digitally, for an exclusive interview with The Libertines talking about what the future holds for the band, plus the definitive verdict on their comeback shows.

The Libertines played:

‘Vertigo’
‘Boys In The Band’
‘The Delaney’
‘Campaign Of Hate’
‘Time For Heroes’
‘Horrorshow’
‘Begging’
‘The Ha Ha Wall’
‘Music When The Lights Go Out’
‘What Katy Did’
‘The Boy Looked At Johnny’
‘Can’t Stand Me Now’
‘Last Post On The Bugle’
‘Love On The Dole’
‘Death On The Stairs’
‘Radio America’
‘Don’t Look Back Into The Sun’
‘Tell The King’
‘Up The Bracket’
‘What A Waster’
‘France’
‘Albion’
‘I Get Along’

 

 

 

The Beatles in Mono

Beatles-in-mono-773

The Beatles

 

The Beatles in Mono is a box set compilation comprising the remastered monophonic recordings by The Beatles. The set was released on 9 September 2009, the same day the remastered stereo recordings and companion The Beatles Stereo Box Set were also released, along with The Beatles: Rock Band video game. The remastering project for both mono and stereo versions was led by EMI senior studio engineers Allan Rouse and Guy Massey. It was announced that the box set will be remastered (this time from the actual tapes and not the digital process) again on 180-gram heavyweight vinyl and it will be released on September 8, 2014.

The Mono Box Set was released to reflect the fact that the Beatles’ catalogue (aside from Abbey Road, Let It Be and Yellow Submarine) was originally released in mono, with the stereo versions as an addition. Many feel that these mono mixes reflect the true intention of the band. For example, in the case of Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, all the mono mixes were done together with the Beatles themselves, throughout the recording of the album, whereas the stereo mixes were done in only six days by Abbey Road personnel George Martin, Geoff Emerick and Richard Lush after the album had been finished, with none of the Beatles attending. George Harrison commented:

At that time […] the console was about this big with four faders on it. And there was one speaker right in the middle […] and that was it. When they invented stereo, I remember thinking ‘Why? What do you want two speakers for?’, because it ruined the sound from our point of view. You know, we had everything coming out of one speaker; now it had to come out of two speakers. It sounded like … very … naked.”“The goal was simple: make them sound like the artist intended.”
Steve Berkowitz

The thirteen-disc collection contains the remastered mono versions of every Beatles album released in true mono. The original 1965 stereo mixes of Help! and Rubber Soul are included as bonuses on their respective albums. (In 1986 both albums had been remixed by George Martin for their CD release in 1987.) The box contains a new two-disc compilation album titled Mono Masters, which compiles all the mono mixes of singles, B-sides and EP tracks that did not originally appear on any of the United Kingdom albums or Magical Mystery Tour.

Universal and Apple’s first official unveiling of “The Beatles’ original mono studio albums on vinyl”. The more canny of you will realize that the Beatles’ original studio albums are already available on vinyl, but time and entropy hasn’t been kind to the versions released between 1963 and 1968. So, on September 8 (September 9 in the US), The Beatles’ nine UK albums, plus the American-compiled Magical Mystery Tour, and the Mono Masters collection of non-album tracks will be released in newly mastered mono versions on 180-gram vinyl LPs with lovingly replicated original artwork.

He places the specially designed Ortofon cartridge on the first track, Love Me Do. It sounds clear and beefy, but not falsely so. Instrumental fluffs and those plosive ‘p’s on “pretend” have been kept in. It’s like someone has polished the original 51-year-old pressing with the best record cleaner in the world. We hear ten tracks in full. Here are the Top 5.

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U.S. Box

U.S. Box

 

The last song, the mysteriously lovely Goodnight is played and some figures are rolled out before the next audience is ushered in. Before MOJO leaves it discovers that…

• The records will be manufactured at Optimal Media in Germany. They are planning on producing something in the region of 35-40,000 boxes.

• Those willing to immerse themselves in the complete mono experience can purchase a specially manufactured Ortofon 2M Mono Special Edition “Beatles Tribute” Cartridge. Although the LPs will sound “just fine” with an existing stereo cartridge.

• George Harrison was once ejected from New York’s Plaza Hotel for playing his McIntosh stereo too loud.

• If a meeting goes on too long at Abbey Road the Beatles track they choose to play to hurry everyone out is Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da.

• The Beatles On Mono is available to pre-order at http://www.thebeatles.com/news/beatles-get-back-mono

The Human Cost of the FIFA World Cup

By T. J. Petrowski
Global Research, July 05, 2014

Region: Latin America & Caribbean
Theme: Police State & Civil Rights, Poverty & Social Inequality

brazilAs the world watches the 2014 FIFA World Cup, people are protesting the cost and the human rights violations being committed by police and security forces to protect this corporate investment.

Working people in Brazil are understandably frustrated with the public cost of the World Cup, an estimated $14 billion. When compared to spending on social services, the cost of the World Cup is the equivalent of 61% of funding for education, or 30% of the funding for healthcare. Private companies, including those in the services and construction industries, will be the main beneficiaries of this public money. Adding to this cost is the forced evictions of the poor living in the favelas (slums) and the dispossession of indigenous people from their lands to build stadiums and parking lots. [1]

Over one million people in Brazil have protested the cost of the World Cup, the cutbacks and increased costs of social services, forced evictions, and other human rights violations.

The state security services have cracked down viciously on all anti‑FIFA demonstrations across the country. At least a dozen or more people have been killed and hundreds have been arrested. On the first day of the World Cup, 47 people were arrested, and police shot rubber bullets at medics helping the wounded. The state security services have been accused of killing of the poor and homeless, including children, to “clean up” the favelas prior to the start of the World Cup. To justify this violent response, the federal government has pushed to pass legislation that would criminalize all anti‑FIFA protests as “terrorism”, with 12 to 30 year prison sentences for those convicted. [2]

The state has deployed more than 200,000 troops, armed with such weapons as Israeli drones, German anti‑aircraft tanks, and rooftop missile defense systems, to protect the World Cup from protestors. The infamous American mercenary company, Blackwater, known for its role in the U.S. occupation of Iraq, is allegedly in Brazil helping with security for the World Cup.

The financial and social cost of events like the World Cup and the Olympics to working people are enormous.

During the London 2012 Olympics, 10,000 police officers and 13,000 troops, more than all British forces in Afghanistan, along with ships in the Thames, fighter jets, and surface‑to‑air missile defense systems, were deployed to protect the $11 billion event. At a time when 2 million are unemployed, 27% of children live in poverty, and austerity budgets are being forced on working people, $11 billion came at a significant cost to working people. [3]

The Sochi Winter Olympics cost a staggering $51 billion, even though 18 million Russians live in poverty and migrant workers were paid less than $2/hour to build the necessary infrastructure.

In 2022 Qatar will host the FIFA World Cup, and already hundreds of migrant workers have died working on the World Cup infrastructure. Over 400 Nepalese and 700 Indian workers have been have are already among the casualties. The conditions migrant workers are forced to work in have been compared to slavery. Robert Booth for the Guardian explains: “Workers described forced labour in 50C (122F) heat, employers who retain salaries for several months and passports making it impossible for them to leave and being denied free drinking water. The investigation found sickness is endemic among workers living in overcrowded and insanitary conditions and hunger has been reported. Thirty Nepalese construction workers took refuge in the their country’s embassy and subsequently left the country, after they claimed they received no pay.” The International Trade Union Confederation estimates that 12 workers will die each week and around 4,000 will have died before the event starts. [4]

The social and financial cost of these international corporate events should be fought by working people around the world at a time where millions are being forced into unemployment and are denied their basic needs, democracy is being eroded, the environment is being destroyed, and the threat of war is increasing.

Note

[1] http://www.forbes.com/sites/kenrapoza/2014/06/11/bringing-fifa-to-brazil-equal-to-roughly-61-of-education-budget/

[2] http://revolution-news.com/the-story-of-resistance-to-fifas-war-on-brazilian-people-video-blog/

[3] http://www.theguardian.com/sport/2012/mar/12/london-olympics-security-lockdown-london

[4] http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/sep/26/qatar-world-cup-migrant-workers-dead

The New York Times Dishes More Ukraine Propaganda

 

 
 

In-depth Report:

 

media-biasAs you read or watch the mainstream U.S. media’s accounts of the Ukrainian government’s military offensive against ethnic Russians in East Ukraine, it’s worth remembering that these MSM outlets have been feeding Americans a highly biased narrative of the crisis non-stop from the beginning.

For instance, New York Times correspondent David M. Herszenhorn included in a largely celebratory account of the Ukrainian blitzkrieg that overwhelmed ethnic Russian positions in the town of Slovyansk on Saturday this summary of the conflict’s background:

“The separatist rebellion is the latest, bloodiest chapter in a crisis that began in November after Viktor F. Yanukovych, then Ukraine’s president, rejected a trade accord he had promised to sign with the European Union in favor of closer ties with Russia. Protesters took to the streets of Kiev, eventually driving Mr. Yanukovych from office. Within a week, Russia invaded Crimea, then annexed the peninsula.”

Herszenhorn, like nearly all his MSM colleagues, simply can’t find it within himself to display the journalistic integrity needed to present an evenhanded and unbiased explication of how this crisis unfolded. Instead, it’s all about blaming Ukraine’s elected President Yanukovych and Russian President Vladimir Putin for everything.

Always absent is the fact that the EU’s trade accord came with a draconian International Monetary Fund austerity plan attached, a prescription to inflict even more pain on the people of Ukraine who have suffered under a post-Soviet economic system dominated by a handful of corrupt oligarchs. The IMF plan would have simply hit the average Ukrainian even harder — with elimination of heating subsidies and devaluation of their currency – while the Ukrainian oligarchs and their Western financial backers would have escaped the pain, as usual. In rejecting the IMF scheme, Yanukovych opted for a more generous $15 billion loan deal from Moscow.

Image: Sen. John McCain appearing with Ukrainian rightists at a pre-coup rally in Kiev.

Image: Sen. John McCain appearing with Ukrainian rightists at a pre-coup rally in Kiev.

Blind to the Neo-Nazis

Herszenhorn’s narrative also excludes the key role of neo-Nazi militias that were organized in 100-man units to serve as the tip of the spear in the Feb. 22 coup that drove Yanukovych and his government from power. In recognition of their key role in the coup, the neo-Nazis were awarded several ministries in the new government, including the office of national security.

Then, there is the cherished MSM tale of the Russian “invasion” of Crimea, which – unlike every other “invasion” in history – did not involve military forces crossing an international border. Russian troops were already stationed in Crimea under an agreement with Ukraine’s government. And, the impetus for Crimea’s secession from Ukraine and rejoining Russia came from the local government and the Crimean people, not from Russian military force. But repetition of the words “invasion” and “annexation” is needed to elicit the desired revulsion from the American people.

It’s also never noted that after the Feb. 22 coup, the new regime dutifully approved the harsh IMF austerity plan that even Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk – the new leader hand-picked by U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland – acknowledged was “very unpopular, very difficult, very tough.”

All in all, the Ukraine case has been a curious example of U.S.–backed “democracy promotion” – overthrowing a democratically elected leader so a coup regime could impose a “very unpopular” austerity plan on an already suffering population. [For details, see Consortiumnews.com’s “Ukrainians Get IMF’s Bitter Medicine.”]

Among the Worst

The Times’ Herszenhorn has been among the most biased of a long list of biased MSM correspondents who have enforced the false narrative about Ukraine. Indeed, the oppressive “group think” – blending State Department propaganda with its amen chorus of the MSM – has made formulating any rational policy toward Russia and Ukraine politically impossible in Official Washington.

It seems that the safe career play is always to go for the most extreme examples of Russian perfidy. For instance, in mid-April, the Times published a front-page story by Herszenhorn excoriating Russian Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev for engaging in clumsy propaganda.

In the article entitled “Russia Is Quick To Bend Truth About Ukraine,” Herszenhorn mocked Medvedev for making a Facebook posting that “was bleak and full of dread,” including noting that “blood has been spilled in Ukraine again” and adding that “the threat of civil war looms.”

The Times article continued,

“He [Medvedev] pleaded with Ukrainians to decide their own future ‘without usurpers, nationalists and bandits, without tanks or armored vehicles – and without secret visits by the C.I.A. director.’ And so began another day of bluster and hyperbole, of the misinformation, exaggerations, conspiracy theories, overheated rhetoric and, occasionally, outright lies about the political crisis in Ukraine that have emanated from the highest echelons of the Kremlin and reverberated on state-controlled Russian television, hour after hour, day after day, week after week.”

This argumentative “news” story spilled from the front page to the top half of an inside page, but Herszenhorn never managed to mention that there was nothing false in what Medvedev wrote. Indeed, as the bloodshed has grown worse and a civil war has become obvious, you might say Medvedev was tragically prescient.

It was also the much-maligned Russian press that first reported the secret visit of CIA Director John Brennan to Kiev. Though the White House later confirmed that report, Herszenhorn cited Medvedev’s reference to it in the context of “misinformation” and “conspiracy theories.” Nowhere in the long article did the Times inform its readers that, yes, the CIA director did make a secret visit to Ukraine.

Now, as the Kiev regime celebrates its bloody conquest of the eastern Ukrainian city of Slovyansk, it might be advisable for Americans who don’t want to continue being deceived by U.S. government/media propaganda to recognize – and reject – these one-sided and false narratives. [For more details, see Consortiumnews.com’s “Ukraine, Though the US ‘Looking Glass’” or The Nation’s “The Silence of America’s Hawks About Kiev’s Atrocities.”]

 

Investigative reporter Robert Parry broke many of the Iran-Contra stories for The Associated Press and Newsweek in the 1980s. You can buy his new book, America’s Stolen Narrative, either in print here or as an e-book (from Amazon andbarnesandnoble.com).

Articles by:Robert Parry

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are of sole responsibility of the author(s). The Centre for Research on Globalization will not be responsible for any inaccurate or incorrect statement in this article. The Center of Research on Globalization grants permission to cross-post original Global Research articles on community internet sites as long as the text & title are not modified. The source and the author’s copyright must be displayed. For publication of Global Research articles in print or other forms including commercial internet sites, contact: publications@globalresearch.ca

www.globalresearch.ca contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to our readers under the provisions of “fair use” in an effort to advance a better understanding of political, economic and social issues. The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving it for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material for purposes other than “fair use” you must request permission from the copyright owner.

For media inquiries: publications@globalresearch.ca

Brutal Beating of Palestinian-American Boy by Israeli Forces Brings Unprecedented Coverage of Daily Palestinian Experience in U.S. Media

By Philip Weiss
Global Research, July 07, 2014
Mondoweiss

Region: Middle East & North Africa
Theme: Police State & Civil Rights
In-depth Report: PALESTINE

The brutal beating of a 15-year-old Palestinian-American boy by Israeli forces in Jerusalem is proving to be a landmark moment in coverage of the conflict, as American media are reporting Tarek Abu Khdeir’s story in a straightforward manner for once. Their sympathetic reports are bringing the Palestinian experience back here as never before.

You can see what the New York Times did today. As Jamil Dakwar notes:

Br79FFuCAAA7jr_

Jamil Dakwar ‏@jdakwar

US passport gets you out of Israeli jail 2 house arrest, 1st page in NYT & @StateDept condemnation. That’s something!

Then there’s the Washington Post.

Watch video at The Washington Post website

The Washington Post has up a video interview of the youth, in which he says that he was just watching protests of his cousin’s murder when police attacked him. Tarek Abu Khdeir says he did not throw rocks.

I was standing there watching what was happening… I tried to jump the fence, and I fell after I jumped the fence… I don’t know why they came running at me, but right after they came running at me, I ran… I don’t know why they hit me that hard. I fell asleep from how hard they hit me. I went unconscious.

His mother Suha adds:

I’m angry, I’m disturbed. I’m ready to take legal action. Because this happens to Palestinians every single day… [Because he’s an American] He got the opportunity for all the media and for the whole world to hear him. For once. But other Palestinians that live here, this happens all the time, they never have the opportunity to voice, to talk about it, to show.

She says that one man from the US consulate has been with the family from day 1.

My message is that I’m sorry you don’t show that you have feelings. You do not have hearts. This is a child. He’s 15, and to beat him up this badly, you have no personal issues with him. No one should be beat up this badly. No one. For any reason… This is not human.

Ayman Mohyeldin of NBC posted this video of Abu Khdeir being released to house arrest and had an excellent report on the Nightly News last night. He asked Abu Khdeir what the marks were on his wrists and the boy said: “This is from the handcuffs when they took me to jail.” He also showed video of marks on the youth’s back, from “stomping,” Abu Khdeir said.

On National Public Radio this morning, a story was introduced by Steve Inskeep, who said that “Israel says” that those it killed in Gaza are “militants.”

Reporter Daniel Estrin also spoke with Suha Abu Khdeir and said she “rejected the police claim that he was found with a slingshot… She understood what her Palestinian relatives have been experiencing all these years.” He then quotes her:

After actually coming and going through it, I don’t blame these people for hating, for having so much hate for Israel.

Note that Ron Dermer, Israeli ambassador to the U.S., went on national television yesterday, ABC, and accused this boy of throwing Molotov cocktails and petrol bombs, while NPR reports that the police have accused him of using a slingshot. So Dermer was wildly exaggerating Israeli police claims, which the youth has denied. Here is ABC’s interview of Abu Khdeir. “I was blown. I was like Why? Why is this happening?”

Understand the Israeli – Palestinian Apartheid In 11 Images

By Thrival Room
Global Research, July 07, 2014
Thrival Room 15 April 2014

Region: Asia, Middle East & North Africa
Theme: Crimes against Humanity, Law and Justice, Police State & Civil Rights
In-depth Report: PALESTINE

 

understand-israeli-palestinian-apartheid-11-images-400x213All the graphics are from the site Visualizing Palestine, a site dedicated to creating informative and impactful graphics about the occupied region. Check out many more of these images on their site

 
 
 
1. The Forced Exile of The Palestinian People

1400x2723xvp-an_ongoing_displacement-en-20130514.png.pagespeed.ic.GNDCSH92mX

2. Maintenance of the Occupation

1200x2624xvp-aida-oslo-final-2013-10-11.png.pagespeed.ic.4fISPZbU7_

3.  Continued Displacement and Destruction

 

vp-demolitions-2012-08-31.png.pagespeed.ce.8egQxJGSxp

4. A Pattern of Violence and Aggression

2000x1592xvp-violence-timeline-2012-11-23_0.png.pagespeed.ic.9o8pF13XRo

5. Illegal Detention

1200x2310xvp-admin-detention-final-2013-10-17.png.pagespeed.ic.kBBylc94GF

6, 7 & 8. Segregation of Resources

gaza_water_rev1_aug28.jpg.pagespeed.ce.jAe5hV1CWU

2000x1522xvp-west-bank-water-2013-03-21.jpg.pagespeed.ic.Yh-GeUphtt

1200x1697xvp-olive-harvest-final-2013-10-10.jpg.pagespeed.ic.fvmkzxgaa1

9 & 10. Segregation of Travel

1014x1559xsegregated-roads-2012-05-28.png.pagespeed.ic.aH7ecLuciI

1417x1984xvp-bus-2013-03-04_0.png.pagespeed.ic.vkG9vdhprm

11. The Wall

1200x2288xvp-icj-final-20130725.jpg.pagespeed.ic.FLXp4z4rET

 

Articles by:Thrival Room

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are of sole responsibility of the author(s). The Centre for Research on Globalization will not be responsible for any inaccurate or incorrect statement in this article. The Center of Research on Globalization grants permission to cross-post original Global Research articles on community internet sites as long as the text & title are not modified. The source and the author’s copyright must be displayed. For publication of Global Research articles in print or other forms including commercial internet sites, contact: publications@globalresearch.ca

www.globalresearch.ca contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to our readers under the provisions of “fair use” in an effort to advance a better understanding of political, economic and social issues. The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving it for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material for purposes other than “fair use” you must request permission from the copyright owner.

For media inquiries: publications@globalresearch.ca