International complaint about the “lack of ethics” of the Spanish National Court’s forensic doctors

[LOKARRI] More than 400 Latin American personalities support the Basque peace process

Tuesday, 02 June 2015 16:14

Doctors Susana Etchegoyen and Mirta Fabre have informed today, June 2nd 2015, in Bilbao about the complaint registered in the World Medical Association on May 18th by a series of health professionals and human rights organizations of Argentina against the “serious lack of ethics” on the part of the forensic doctors of the Spanish National Court, which they accuse of covering-up cases of torture or cruel treatment for those detained for political motives. (Original article by Agustin Goikoetxea for Naiz.eus – ES).

Mediku-ArgentinaIn an appearance at the College of Doctors in Bilbao, Susana Etchegoyen explained that their initiative is comes from the roots of the repeated complaints made by those arrested and prisoners, and after the Spanish state hasn’t modified their attitude in spite of seven condemnations by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) and of the reports from the Committee Against Torture from the UN in the same sense. The well-known Argentine doctor and university professor has said she expects nothing less than a favourable pronouncement from the World Medical Association towards their initiative, estimating that it is proven that the forensic doctors of the special court are covering-up cruel and inhuman punishments, something that is expressly prohibited in the ethical code that regulates doctors around the world.

In their complaint, they contribute details of tortures suffered by Ainara Bakedano, Anabel Prieto, Beatriz Etxebarria, Sandra Barrenetxea, Gorka Lupiañez and Unai Romano. Etchegoyen has said that these are cases that are well documented and where it is proven that the forensic doctors denied the mistreatment when it occurred. She has considered it “very serious” that they don’t act to guarantee the fulfilment on the part of Spanish medical institutes and associations of the ethical norms concerning the most fundamental human rights and the respect for life.

The Argentinian doctor has added that in the Spanish state they avoid the conduct and duties of health professionals with these types of patients. In her opinion, it isn’t about an isolated practice and it would count on the support of the state itself, citing that there have been forensic doctors of the Spanish National Court whose conduct has been reproached by the ECHR and that they continue working at this court.

Also, she has taken advantage of her appearance to also denounce the “helplessness” of which their Basque colleagues find themselves who treat ill prisoners. She has mentioned that professional secrecy is violated when they impede consultations and the tests that the professionals and patients aren’t alone, obliging prison functionaries to assist at them. She also hasn’t forgotten that the examinations – she cited those of gynaecological nature – and treatments of prisoners who are handcuffed.

Etchegoyen has stressed that these actions constitute cruel punishments and treatment or degrading for the patients. In here speech she also mentioned the operation of the Spanish National Court against health professionals members of the Jaiki Hadi association, which tries put obstacles for medical treatment of Basque prisoners. Also she cited the extreme situation in which the prisoners Txus Martin, Aitzol Gogorza and Ibon Iparragirre find themselves in, for which they have demanded open prison for them in their homes. To this respect, she has assured that, in case of a fatal outcome, the Spanish authorities will be those responsible; although she has lamented the coverage that the EU gives to the Spanish state.

Spain’s Orwellian “Citizens Security Law” Gag

By Melissa Dykes
Global Research, August 29, 2015
Daily Sheeple 27 August 2015
Region: Europe
Theme: Police State & Civil Rights

750px-Flag_of_Spain.svg_-400x266If you think our First Amendment rights are being trampled here in America left and right, check out what’s going on in Spain.

This woman posted the following picture of a police car parked in a handicapped spot on her Facebook page with the caption “Park where you bloody well please and you won’t even be fined.”

Now, because of Spain’s Orwellian “Citizens Security Law” which went into effect July 1st, they have fined her €800 or nearly $900 USD simply for sharing the picture on social media. Police were reportedly able to track her down within 48 hours.

That’s because the so-called “Citizens Security Law,” which the people in Spain lovingly refer to as the “gagging law,” has a clause that says, “the unauthorised use of images of police officers that might jeopardise their or their family’s safety or that of protected facilities or police operations”. The fines for this can go up to an astounding €30,000 (nearly $33,700 USD).

Apparently sharing the fact that your local officer can take up a parking spot designated for a handicapped person, an act you would be heavily fined for, is not “legal” in Spain because it “endangers” that cop’s “personal safety.”

When the police were asked how the photo had put them at risk under the definition of the law, spokesman Fernando Portillo said, “the officers felt the woman had impugned their honour by posting the picture,” according to The Guardian. Portillo said police can park wherever they want when they are in an emergency, and the officer in the photo parked in the handicapped spot because someone had vandalized a nearby park.

If you think about this logically, it obviously makes no sense. The only way a picture like that would endanger that cop’s safety is if someone saw the photo and got mad enough to commit violence against the cop because he parked in a handicapped spot… in which case, it would actually be the cop endangering his own safety and making himself look bad by parking in a handicapped spot to begin with.

Then again, there’s really no point in trying to argue with an Orwellian police state. It’s not there to make sense. It’s there to control everyone. Completely.

Not that it’s even necessary, but to further prove this is simply all about keeping Spain’s citizens from speaking out against their police in a public forum, the first guy who got slapped with a fine under the law was someone who merely called his local police “a pack of slackers” on Facebook.

Source The Daily Sheeple
Copyright © Melissa Dykes, Daily Sheeple, 2015

Success and strong participation in the Conference for Peace held in Paris

750px-Bandera_de_Reino_de_Navarra.svg

Success and strong participation in the Conference for Peace held in Paris

Thursday, 11 June 2015 14:12

You will find below the press release of the organisers:

Success and strong participation in the Humanitarian Conference for Peace in the Basque Country in Paris, June 11 2015

The humanitarian conference for peace in the Basque Country, co-organized this June 11th, 2015, by the International Contact Group, the French League of Human Rights, Conciliation Resources, the Berghof Foundation, Social Forum for Peace in the Basque Country and Bake Bidea has been a success and we’re very happy with its outcome.

This June 11, 2015 marks a joint appeal by local and French civil society for the French state to engage in a peace process and to take steps on the issue of the consequences of the conflict (see below the declaration and list of endorsers)

For the first time, in the heart of Paris, members of parliament, elected representatives and diverse associations, both from the Basque Country and Paris, have joined together in favor of a peace process in the Basque Country.

The presentation by Pierre Joxe of the steps taken in the Basque Country during the last four years for a democratic resolution of the conflict, supported by the explanations of local politicians, JJ Lasserre, Frederique Espagnac and Max Brisson, has been a measure of Basque civil society’s progress since the International Conference of Aiete in 2011.

Following this introduction, the conference has focused on the consequences of the conflict, namely, the issue of victims and prisoners, recalling that there is still a long way to go.

The presentation by transitional justice specialist Pierre Hazan, and the testimony of Roberto Manrique and Axun Lasa, both victims in the Basque conflict, have allowed to understand the suffering caused on every side of the Basque conflict, but also to understand the work and reflection that will be needed to find the paths of dialogue, justice and reparation.

They key elements related to the issue of prisoners and their role in peace processes have been introduced by Raymond Kendall, former director of INTERPOL, who has given us an insight into the necessity of protocols for the release of prisoners as part of a peace process. He has drawn on methods used in other conflicts, as has been evidenced by Gerry Kelly,  MLA. Gabriel Mouesca has supported this reflection with a testimony concerning Basque political prisoners and recalling their commitment to the peace process.

Finally, Michel Tubiana, Honorary President of LDH has presented a summary of this morning and Serge Portelli has presented a statement addressed to the French and Spanish states and the armed group ETA and endorsed by over 110 figures of the French state.

The declaration has been supported and welcomed by Bertie Ahern, former Irish Prime Minister and one of 6 international figures who led the Aiete Conference in 2011, who has closed the conference.

ParisJune11-20151-Declaration ParisJune11-20151-ENDORSERS
conference Humanitarian Paris

Fight for Freedom – US vs Donbass

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By Xavier Lerma

US foreign policy is choking the whole earth and at the same time has caused America to implode. They panic when they see the rise of Russia’s economy and almost limitless resources that give cheap gas to Europe and the world. The CIA pays off some and brainwash the weak to overthrow the government in Kiev then causing a civil war. They manage to call civilians “terrorists”, so it’s easier to murder their own people in SE Ukraine. This has forced the people of Donbass to fight like a pack of wolves backed into a corner.

It’s a mad upside down world where the US brainwashed its people to believe that Putin had invaded Ukraine while people from Donbass want Putin to intervene militarily to stop the US backed Kiev forces. They are begging Putin to stop the war. SE Ukraine begs Russia to help. Millions have fled to Russia from Ukraine including Kiev soldiers who were disillusioned with the war. Russia is a safe haven of peace. When Hitler invaded Poland the refugees that escaped did not go to Germany. People of Donbass do not flee to the US.

Many feel betrayed by Putin for saving Crimea and not Donbass. Putin asked Poroshenko for peace and organized the Minsk peace talks. Even though Putin sends food, water and medical supplies by truck convoys, many are still unhappy more is not done. Even Putin’s childhood friend, Venzin Vladimir Alexandrovich has changed his view about Putin.

In a video Alexandrovich said, “Now people are cursing him (in Gorlvoka, town near Donetsk)… a year ago we all would turn our TV’s every morning waiting to hear that Russia has started sending its troops. Now, people simply spit when hearing the word “Russia” because Russia has betrayed Donbass.” Venzin would laugh if he saw the media mantras on US TV stating that Putin invaded Ukraine with Russian troops. If Russian troops were in Ukraine he wouldn’t be upset with Putin and Donbass would be safe and sound like Crimea.

The Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) had gone on the offensive last February and created a Debaltsevo Cauldron. Anna News reported 8,000 Kiev troops were surrounded and their destroyed equipment was put on display. According to ITAR-TASS , militia headquarters reported “Around five thousand servicemen with weapons and around 50 tanks, more than 200 combat armored vehicles… were blocked in the trap,”. The US forced Poroshenko to scream for a ceasefire while the US soldiers train his military. It was a great victory when the Debaltsevo pocket was closed.

Unfortunately, the recent Minsk ceasefire agreement that was agreed to by both sides of the Ukrainian civil war lasted about an hour. It comes as no surprise as the first one was broken as well. The puppet president who was placed there by Obama never had any intention for peace. Genocide is their goal and the people of SE Ukraine in Donbass know it. When the devil tells you he wants peace you better prepare for war.

I have no idea why they even try to bargain with this monster Poroshenko. He is backed by another monster, Obama from the US who is a puppet himself doing the bidding of Soros, Rothschild, Rockefeller and other elites in the West. America is where paleface speaks with fork tongue. How many treaties did the US break with the natives?

Alexander Dugin in his “Letter to the American People on Ukraine” writes, “The American political elite has stolen, perverted and counterfeited the American identity. And they make us hate you and they make you hate us… – the global oligarchy who rules the world using you and smashing us. Let us revolt. Let us resist. Together, Russians and Americans. We are the people. We are not their puppets.”

Donbass is not happy with President Putin but he does his best to secure stability in the world with economic success while the US creates wars and discord like pyromaniacs. Obama smiles and laughs to his worshippers while elusively avoiding any blame. After all, he’s trying his best. His best to oust Assad and fulfill his masters plan of conquest in the Middle East. “Assad must go!” and “What difference does it make!, Clinton shouted. Pure madness displayed for all to see that extended to Ukraine.

A former member of the Ukrainian parliament in Kiev, Oleg Tsarov, warned us all, “American instructors presented examples of successful use of social networks used to organize protests in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya. Recent conference took place Nov 14-15, 2013, in the heart of Kiev in the Embassy of the United States of America! Is it conceivable that the representatives of the US Embassy which organized the ‘Tech Camp’ conferences, misuse their diplomatic mission?”

Yes! The US certainly does misuse their diplomatic mission. That is why many in Kiev this year protest the US Embassy like mad dogs. Even Kiev officers are defecting. Almost every week angry mobs come by the hundreds and the thousands. They protest America standing in the rain mooing like cows with a sign, We are not cattle!. They thank the weasel Ambassador Geoffrey Pyatt for bringing war and poverty. He’s lucky they haven’t dragged him in the street like the US ambassador in Libya. On June 25, in this video, they made demonstrations with raw meat.

They said at the protest, “We, the youth of Ukraine… gather near the USA embassy in order to tell them: Americans, enough with interference  into internal affairs of Ukraine! Enough with killing our people! Enough with financing the war in Donbass! Enough with terrorizing our Motherland and all other Slavic states! This protest is called “Give your heart to United States”. Symbolic countries you see here are Ukraine, Syria, Iraq, Libya, where paid USA so-called revolutions took place. People believed this nation! And look, what they have done to them! They drowned them in blood, they destroyed the infrastructure!

Another protester said, “Two years ago, when I was watching videos from Syria I couldn’t imagine that the same could happen in my country. That people will be dying, that cities will be destroyed. But unfortunately, after the coup d’etat on Maidan our country burst into fire of the civil war.”

Donbass has had no choice but to fight. Oleg Tsarov wrote about another victory, “We won because God is with us and the truth, but we are not gloating. As a Ukrainian people we wish a speedy liberation from the occupying regime. After using Poroshenko, America occupied the Ukraine and tried to occupy us. Our common duty is to free Ukraine from Nazi power and give back to the people their country and to punish those responsible for inciting fratricidal war. We will win – no doubt about it.”

The spirit of this struggle has been captured in a video by News-Front called “Donbass Defenders – “My palm clenched into a fist”.  Great music, powerful, mixed with the truth. It is an expression of their defiant struggle sung by Polina Gagarina. “Oh sun of mine – break through the darkness…My open hand has turned into a fist. And if I have gunpowder – then give me a spark…Like this. Who will now follow the lonely trail? The strong and the brave stood firm in the field – and died…Few still remember,  of firm body and mind – few stand in our line… Oh Sun of mine, break through the darkness… My open hand now turned into a fist. If I have gunpowder – just give me a spark…. Like this. Freedom… – where are you now? Whose sunrise do you shine on? Answer me!!”

The song was not translated in the original so we found one video with the lyrics in English called “Open Hand Now a Fist” to Kiev,USA”. One day the world as one fist will defy the US. On that day the world will know freedom. The country that claimed to give freedom to the world will have its yoke over humanity broken by those nations it murdered. It has begun at Donbass and will make history.

“Open Hand Now a Fist” to Kiev,USA (English subtitles)

– See more at: http://english.pravda.ru/opinion/columnists/01-07-2015/131167-fight_fore_freedom_usa_donbass-0/#sthash.ZayEld6V.dpuf

Spying on Americans: Senate Intelligence Authorization Act, Would Allow Arrest of Journalists, Anti-war Activists, Academics and Students

internet-surveillance-2-400x193Freedom in America is being systematically destroyed: one police state law at a time – with most people ignorant and/or indifferent about what happening.

Washington’s criminal class is bipartisan – in lockstep against government representing everyone equitably and fairly, serving privileged interests only.

S. Res. 1705: Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 compromises free expression and privacy rights already gravely eroded.

If enacted, Section 603 will require online companies to inform Washington of any “actual knowledge” of “facts and circumstances” related to undefined “terrorist activity” – meaning warrantless searches and seizures of personal electronic content will be authorized, potentially subjecting countless numbers of innocent people to unjustifiable scrutiny.

Vague language makes independent journalists, political, anti-war, and social justice activists, academics and students doing legitimate research, as well as others vulnerable to being called suspected terrorists.

The possibility could encourage self-censorship. Service providers may over-report to show compliance with the law. Online users could be flagged for using suspect words or phrases.

One definition of terrorist activity can be another’s way of describing freedom fighting. Legitimate government criticism could be misinterpreted and misused.

Anyone ideologically opposed to US policies could become vulnerable to arrest, prosecution, conviction and imprisonment for expressing their views online. Police states operate this way.

Provisions like Section 603 violate fundamental constitutional and international law guaranteed rights. At stake is further erosion of First and Fourth Amendment freedoms.

Senate members overwhelmingly support S. 1705. Before recessing until September, they were set to pass it by voice vote until Senator Ron Wyden objected.

He wants normal debate procedure followed. He noted valid concerns raised by Internet companies about Section 603.

The Internet Association representing dozens of technology companies said vague language about what constitutes terrorism creates “an impossible compliance problem.”

It’ll result in “massive reporting of items that are not likely to be of material concern to public safety.” Wyden said “Internet companies should not be subject to broad requirements to police the speech of their users.”

He knows of no law enforcement or intelligence agencies suggesting Section 603 will help identify terrorists. He urges revision or elimination of this section altogether.

Thirty-one civil liberties organizations and trade associations expressed opposition to Section 603 in a letter sent Senate leaders.

They include Project Censored, the Media Freedom Foundation, the ACLU, National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Consumer Federation of America, Bill of Rights Defense Committee, and American Library Association among others.

They warned of concerns raised above. Innocent people committing no crimes would be at risk. “Complying with Section 603 would create a chilling effect on constitutionally protected speech and would impermissibly burden individuals’ First and Fourth Amendment rights,” they said.

“Whether a given comment is a true threat of violence, an expression of a sincerely held religious belief, or a simple joke among friends is a determination that providers are ill-suited to make, particularly when the consequence is reporting a person to the government under the suspicion of involvement in terrorist activities.”

Section 603 is unconstitutional. It way oversteps. Under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, Internet companies may report any content they believe relates to criminality.

“Section 603’s reporting requirement threatens individuals’ constitutional rights to privacy and freedom of expression and would burden US-based providers without providing a clear benefit to law enforcement. For these reasons, we urge you to reject this flawed provision and to remove it from the Intelligence Authorization Act,” the signatories said.

Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago. He can be reached at lendmanstephen@sbcglobal.net

His new book as editor and contributor is titled “Flashpoint in Ukraine: US Drive for Hegemony Risks WW III.”

http://www.claritypress.com/LendmanIII.html

Visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com

Listen to cutting-edge discussions with distinguished guests on the Progressive Radio News Hour on the Progressive Radio Network.

It airs three times weekly: live on Sundays at 1PM Central time plus two prerecorded archived programs. 

The U.S. Is Destroying Europe

 

europe-usa-eu-flags-400x199In Libya, Syria, Ukraine, and other countries at the periphery or edges of Europe, U.S. President Barack Obama has been pursuing a policy of destabilization, and even of bombings and other military assistance, that drives millions of refugees out of those peripheral areas and into Europe, thereby adding fuel to the far-rightwing fires of anti-immigrant rejectionism, and of resultant political destabilization, throughout Europe, not only on its peripheries, but even as far away as in northern Europe.

Shamus Cooke at Off-Guardian headlines on 3 August 2015, “Obama’s ‘Safe Zone’ in Syria Intended to Turn It into New Libya,” and he reports that Obama has approved U.S. air support for Turkey’s previously unenfoceable no-fly zone over Syria. The U.S. will now shoot down all of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s planes that are targeting the extremist-Muslim groups, including ISIS, that have taken over huge swaths of Syrian territory.

Cooke reports:

Turkey has been demanding this no-fly zone from Obama since the Syrian war started. It’s been discussed throughout the conflict and even in recent months, though the intended goal was always the Syrian government. And suddenly the no-fly zone is happening — right where Turkey always wanted it — but it’s being labeled an ‘anti-ISIS’ safe zone, instead of its proper name: ‘Anti Kurdish and anti-Syrian government’ safe zone.

The New York Times reported on July 27th, that,

“the plan calls for relatively moderate Syrian insurgents to take the territory, with the help of American and possibly Turkish air support.”

However, the Times, stenographically reporting (as usual) from and for their U.S. Government sources (and so propagandizing for the U.S. Government), fails to define “relatively moderate,” but all of the “relatively moderate insurgent” groups in Syria cooperate with ISIS and help them to find and decapitate, or sometimes hold for ransoms, any non-Muslims there. Under Assad, Syria has been a non-clerical state, and has enjoyed freedom of religion, but all of the Syrian opposition to Assad’s rule is alien to that. The U.S. is now, even more clearly than before, anti-Assad, pro-Islamist.

Seymour Hersh reported in the London Review of Books on 17 April 2014, that the Obama Administration’s Libyan bombing campaign in 2011 was part of a broader program to bring sarin gas from Libya to the al-Nusra Front in Syria, in order to help produce a gas-attack upon civilians, which the U.S. Administration could then blame upon Assad, as being an excuse to bomb there just as Obama had already so successfully done in Libya. Both dictators, Gaddafi and Assad, were allied with Russia, and Assad especially has been important to Russia, as a transit-route for Russia’s gas supplies, and not for Qatar’s gas supplies — Qatar being the major potential threat to Russia’s status as the top supplier of gas into Europe.

Obama’s top goal in international relations, and throughout his military policies, has been to defeat Russia, to force a regime-change there that will make Russia part of the American empire, no longer the major nation that resists control from Washington.

Prior to the U.S. bombings of Libya in 2011, Libya was at peace and thriving. Per-capita GDP (income) in 2010 according to the IMF was $12,357.80, but it plunged to only $5,839.70 in 2011 — the year we bombed and destroyed the country. (Hillary Clinton famously bragged, “We came, we saw, he [Gaddafi] died!”) (And, unlike in U.S. ally Saudi Arabia, that per-capita GDP was remarkably evenly distributed, and both education and health care were socialized and available to everyone, even to the poor.)

More recently, on 15 February 2015, reporter Leila Fadel of NPR bannered “With Oil Fields Under Attack, Libya’s Economic Future Looks Bleak.” She announced: “The man in charge looks at production and knows the future is bleak. ‘We cannot produce. We are losing 80 percent of our production,’ says Mustapha Sanallah, the chairman of Libya’s National Oil Corporation.”

Under instructions from Washington, the IMF hasn’t been reliably reporting Libya’s GDP figures after 2011, but instead shows that things there were immediately restored to normal (even to better than normal: $13,580.55 per-capita GDP) in 2012, but everybody knows that it’s false; even NPR is, in effect, reporting that it’s not true. The CIA estimates that Libya’s per-capita GDP was a ridiculous $23,900 in 2012 (they give no figures for the years before that), and says Libya’s per-capita GDP has declined only slightly thereafter. None of the official estimates are at all trustworthy, though the Atlantic Council at least made an effort to explain things honestly, headlining in their latest systematic report about Libya’s economy, on 23 January 2014, “Libya: Facing Economic Collapse in 2014.”

Libya has become Europe’s big problem. Millions of Libyans are fleeing the chaos there. Some of them are fleeing across the Mediterranean and ending up in refugee camps in southern Italy; and some are escaping to elsewhere in Europe.

And Syria is now yet another nation that’s being destroyed in order to conquer Russia. Even the reliably propagandistic New York Times is acknowledging, in its ‘news’ reporting, that, “both the Turks and the Syrian insurgents see defeating President Bashar al-Assad of Syria as their first priority.” So: U.S. bombers will be enforcing a no-fly-zone over parts of Syria in order to bring down Russia’s ally Bashar al-Assad and replace his secular government by an Islamic government — and the ‘anti-ISIS’ thing is just for show; it’s PR, propaganda. The public cares far more about defeating ISIS than about defeating Russia; but that’s not the way America’s aristocracy views things. Their objective is extending America’s empire — extending their own empire.

Similarly, Obama overthrew the neutralist government of Viktor Yanukovych in Ukraine in February 2014, but that was under the fake cover of ‘democracy’ demonstrations, instead of under the fake cover of ‘opposing Islamic terrorism’ or whatever other phrases that the U.S. Government uses to fool suckers about America’s installation of, and support to, a rabidly anti-Russia, racist-fascist, or nazi, government next door to Russia, in Ukraine. Just as Libya had been at peace before the U.S. invaded and destroyed it, and just as Syria had been at peace before the U.S and Turkey invaded and destroyed it, Ukraine too was at peace before the U.S. perpetrated its coup there and installed nazis and an ethnic cleansing campaign there, and destroyed Ukraine too.

Like with Libya before the overthrow of Gaddafi there, or Syria before the current effort to overthrow Assad there, or the more recent successful overthrow of Ukraine’s democratically elected President Viktor Yanukovych, it’s all aimed to defeat Russia.

The fact that all of Europe is sharing in the devastation that Obama and other American conservatives — imperialists, even — impose, is of little if any concern to the powers-that-be in Washington DC, but, if it matters at all to them, then perhaps it’s another appealing aspect of this broader operation: By weakening European nations, and not only nations in the Middle East, Obama’s war against Russia is yet further establishing America to be “the last man standing,” at the end of the chaos and destruction that America causes.

Consequently, for example, in terms of U.S. international strategy, the fact that the economic sanctions against Russia are enormously harming the economies of European nations is good, not bad.

There are two ways to win, at any game: One is by improving one’s own performance. The other is by weakening the performances by all of one’s competitors. The United States is now relying almost entirely upon the latter type of strategy.

Investigative historian Eric Zuesse is the author, most recently, of They’re Not Even Close: The Democratic vs. Republican Economic Records, 1910-2010, and of CHRIST’S VENTRILOQUISTS: The Event that Created Christianity.